Target 13: Priorities for effective conservation and management of migratory species, their habitats and migration systems have been included in the development and implementation of national biodiversity strategies and action plans, with reference where relevant to CMS agreements and action plans and their implementation bodies.

 

Anthropogenic Impact

 

►    The Guidelines on the integration of migratory species into National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) provides relevant advice to Contracting Parties and National Focal Points, see:

Objective 1 - Recent CBD COP Guidance on NBSAPs:

1.a) Ensure that NBSAPs are action-driven, practical and prioritized, and provide an effective and up-to date national framework for the implementation of the Convention.

1.b) Ensure that NBSAPs take into account the principles in the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development.

1.g) Develop a resource mobilization plan in support of priority activities.

1.h) Take into account the ecosystem approach.

1.i) Highlight the contribution of biodiversity and ecosystem services, to poverty eradication, national development and human well-being, as well as the economic, social, cultural and other values of biodiversity.

1.j) Identify the main threats to biodiversity, including direct and indirect drivers of biodiversity change, and include actions for addressing the identified threats.

1.k) As appropriate, establish national, or where applicable, sub-national, targets to support the implementation of NBSAPs.

1.l) Include and implement national capacity-development plans for the implementation of NBSAPs, making use of the outcomes of national capacity self-assessments.

1.o) Establish or strengthen national institutional arrangements for the promotion, coordination, and monitoring of the implementation of the NBSAPs.

1.p) Develop and implement a communication strategy for the national biodiversity strategy and action plan.

1.q) Address existing planning processes in order to mainstream biodiversity concerns in other national strategies, including, in particular, poverty eradication strategies, national strategies for the Millennium Development Goals, sustainable development strategies, and strategies to adapt to climate change and combat desertification, and sectoral strategies. Ensure that NBSAPs are implemented in coordination with these other strategies.

1.s) Promote and support local action for the implementation of NBSAPs”

Note that their use is endorsed by CMS Resolution 10.18 on Guidelines on the integration of migratory species into National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) and other outcomes from CBD COP10 .

►    The CMS COP Resolution 11.15 (2014) on Guidelines to prevent the risk of poisoning of migratory birds includes:

6) Calls on Parties and non-Parties, including inter-governmental organisations and other relevant institutions to elaborate strategies to address poisoning or to include measures contained in this Resolution and in the Guidelines in their National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) or relevant legislation as appropriate to prevent, minimize, reduce or control the impact of poisoning on migratory bird species.

►    The Resolution 11.26 Programme of Work on Climate Change and Migratory Species includes:

Measures - Climate change mitigation, human adaptation, and land use planning:

· From the general guidelines develop step down guidelines at the national level for mitigation and adaptation projects to ensure that they are not harmful to migratory species.

►    The Resolution 10.19 Migratory Species Conservation in the Light of Climate Change includes:

21) Urges Parties and encourages non-Parties to include the measures contained in this Resolution in their national climate change strategies, National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) and other relevant policy processes, ensuring that mitigation or adaptation activities do not result in a deterioration of the conservation status of CMS-listed species.

►    The Resolution 10.11 Powerlines and migratory birds includes:

3) Urges Parties and invites non-Parties, inter-governmental organizations and other relevant institutions, as appropriate, to include the measures contained in this Resolution in their National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans and relevant legislation, if applicable, in order to ensure that the impact of power lines on bird populations is minimized, and calls on Parties to report progress in implementing this Resolution to each Conference of the Parties as part of their National Reports.

 

Aquatic Species:

 

►    The Memorandum of Understanding for the conservation of cetaceans and their habitats in the Pacific Islands Region: Whale and Dolphin Action Plan 2013-2017 includes:

Theme 9 - National, Regional and International Collaboration and Cooperation:

Objective 1 - Promote and enhance national, regional and international coordination, collaboration and partnership for whale and dolphin conservation in the Pacific Islands Region:

9.7) Ensure integration of whale and dolphin conservation into national, regional and international initiatives including NBSAPs.

►    The Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of Dugongs (Dugon dugong) and their Habitats throughout their Range (Dugong MoU) includes:

Objective 7 – Promote implementation of the MoU:

7.4) Create links and develop synergies with other relevant regional conservation conventions, MoUs and Agreements.

Objective 8 – Improve legal protection of dugongs and their habitats:

8.1) Encourage all Range States, and ensure Signatory states, incorporate dugong and habitat conservation and protection measures into national legislation.

►    The MoU concerning conservation measures for marine turtles of the Atlantic coast of Africa: Conservation and Management Plan for Marine Turtles of the Atlantic coast of Africa includes:

Objective 5 - Enhance national, regional and international cooperation:

5.2.1) Designate national focal points (one administrative and one scientific) to serve as correspondents in issues relating to marine turtles;

5.2.2) Develop key management measures, that will serve as the basis for Action Plans, in consultation with relevant administrators, NGOs, research institution, local communities and other interested parties and stakeholders;

5.2.3) Develop the national Action Plans on the model of the current regional Plan;

5.2.4) Identify the specific management questions at the local level which require cooperation among the signatory States to ensure successful conservation and management;

5.2.5) Annually report (to be submitted by each signatory State in a format approved by the signatory States) on the national progress made in the implementation of the objectives in the regional Conservation Plan;

5.2.6) Generate an annual analysis of the national reports for the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) to inform signatory States on measures to improve their compliance with the Convention with respect to the conservation of marine turtles and their habitats; and

5.2.7) Review action plans at regular intervals to take into account recent advances in skills and knowledge.

►    The Conservation and Management Plan of the Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of Marine Turtles and their Habitats of the Indian Ocean and South-East Asia (IOSEA Marine Turtle MoU) includes:

Objective 5 - Enhance national, regional and international cooperation:

5.2.a) Develop a set of key management measures that could be used as a basis for action plans, through consultation with concerned Government authorities, research institutions, NGOs, local communities and other stakeholders.

5.2.b) Identify existing action plans that could be used as models.

5.2.c) Identify specific local management issues where cooperation among States is required for successful conservation and management.

►    The MoU concerning the conservation of the Manatee and small cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia: Action Plan for the conservation of small cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia includes:

Theme 1 – National, Regional and International Collaboration and Cooperation:

Objective 1 - Promote and enhance national, regional and international coordination and collaboration for the conservation of small cetaceans in western Africa:

1.1.12) Improve integration of small cetacean conservation into national, regional and international initiatives, including national - NBSAP, NSDS; regional - RFMOs, NBSAP Working Group.

 

Avian Species

 

►    The Programme of Work on Migratory Birds and Flyways adopted by CMS COP Resolution 11.14 (2014) includes:

Objective 5 - Monitoring and reporting:

42) Effective implementation of the POW at national level, through close integration into NBSAPs and other national plans.

 

Terrestrial Species

 

►    The InternationalSingle Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the Argali includes:

Objective 4 - To ensure effective implementation of the action plan:

4.1.1) Develop National Action Plans for argali and integrate these into National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans.

►    The Saker Falcon Global Action Plan includes:

Objective 4 - Maintain, restore and expand the range of the Saker Falcon by ensuring suitable breeding and foraging habitats and reinforcing prey populations.

4.4.6) Integrate the principles and implementation actions of the SakerGAP into National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs), and/or National or Regional Species Action Plans developed under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).