Target 6: Fisheries and hunting have no significant direct or indirect adverse impacts on migratory species, their habitats or their migration routes, and impacts of fisheries and hunting are within safe ecological limits.

 

►    The Memorandum of Understanding for the Conservation of cetaceans and their habitats in the Pacific Islands Region: Whale and Dolphin Action Plan 2013-2017 includes:

Theme 3 - Threat Reduction:

Objective 1 - Minimize the impacts of the major hazards listed below on whale and dolphin populations in the Pacific Islands region.

3.2) Foster industry/research institution/government partnership to develop and test mitigation techniques to reduce bycatch and depredation.

►    The Conservation and Management Plan for Marine Turtles of the Atlantic coast of Africa includes:

Objective 1 - Reduce direct and indirect causes of marine turtle mortality:

1.4) Minimize the effects of artisinal and commercial fisheries on marine turtles:

1.4.3) Exchange information and, upon request, provide technical assistance to other signatory States to promote these activities;

1.4.4) Liaise and coordinate with fisheries industries and fisheries management organisations to develop and implement incidental capture mitigation mechanisms in national waters and on the high seas.

►    The Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Sharks; Conservation Plan includes:

Objective 3 - Fisheries-related research and data collection:

3.1) Promote stock assessments and related research.

3.2) Develop programmes to establish baseline data and facilitate reporting at a species specific level on:

· Shark catch rates;

· Fishing gear used in shark fisheries;

· The amount of incidental and directed taking;

· The amount of waste and discards;

· Size and sex of individuals caught; and

· Fisheries methods that are sustainable and responsible and protect the habitat.

Objective 4 - Ecologically sustainable management of shark populations, including monitoring, control and surveillance:

4.2) Develop programmes to monitor directed shark fisheries and shark bycatch, including programmes such as vessel monitoring systems, inspections and on-board observer or monitoring programmes.

4.3) Prohibit the taking of species in accordance with paragraph 13 i of the MoU.

4.4) Ensure that mortality rates arising from fishing activities do not exceed levels resulting in a significant decline of populations following the precautionary approach in proactively setting conservation and management measures at all times.

4.5) Encourage relevant bodies to set targets for fish quotas, fishing effort and other restrictions to help achieve sustainable use in line with the best available scientific advice and using the precautionary approach to ensure that all shark catch is within sustainable limits.

4.6) Consider the development or application of certification systems for sustainable shark products.

4.10) Ensure that the global moratorium on all large-scale pelagic driftnet fishing is fully implemented on the high seas of the world’s oceans and seas, including enclosed seas and semi-enclosed seas, in accordance to UN General Assembly Resolution 46/2158.

Objective 5 - Bycatch:

5.1) To the extent practicable, develop and/or use selective gear, devices, and techniques to ensure that the take of sharks in fisheries is sustainable and appropriately managed and that mortality of non-utilized catches is minimized to the greatest extent possible.

5.2) Liaise and coordinate with fishing industries, fisheries management organizations, academic institutions and environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to develop and implement incidental capture mitigation mechanisms in national waters and on the high seas, prioritizing work to avoid the capture of protected sharks in accordance with paragraph 13.i of the MoU.

►    Resolution 11.16 (2011) on The Prevention of Illegal Killing, Taking, and Trade of Migratory Birds calls for the Secretariat to convene an Intergovernmental Task Force to Address Illegal Killing, Taking and Trade of Migratory Birds.