International and regional action and cooperation between States for the conservation and effective management of migratory species fully reflects a migration systems approach, in which all States sharing responsibility for the species concerned engage in such actions in a concerted way.
Note: The Convention on Migratory Species, being “concerned particularly with those species of wild animals that migrate across or outside national jurisdictional boundaries”, emphasizes that “conservation and effective management of migratory species of wild animals require the concerted action of all States within the national jurisdictional boundaries of which such species spend any part of their life cycle”. This would include the necessary capacity building as a key component of trans-boundary cooperation. Target 9 seeks more complete engagement by all of the States who share joint responsibility in such circumstances.
As amplified by the “note” adopted with this target, the change it seeks is amore complete level of engagement by relevant States in the actions described, compared to the levels of engagement existing at the time of the adoption of the Strategic Plan. It may not be necessary to quantify these existing levels however, because the target also expresses a completed end-state, namely all the States sharing responsibilities in the circumstances described should be engaging “in a concerted way”. It is implied that some improvement over current conditions is necessary in order to reach this state. Thus even if a comparison with the baseline condition cannot be made, a comparison with this end-state (the “distance to target”) can be assessed.
Assessing the achievement of this target will require information on the following aspects:
- Individual instances of international and regional action and cooperation between States for the conservation and effective management of migratory species need to be identified.
- All States sharing responsibility for the species concerned need to be identified.
- The individual instances of action and cooperation referred to above need to be assessed to evaluate the extent to which they fully reflect a migration systems approach, with all the relevant States engaging in a concerted way.
Some interpretation may be needed as to what it means to “engage in a concerted way”. There may also be other additional elements of the judgment about “fully reflecting a migration systems approach” which need further elaboration.
A - Outreach, promotion and uptake of the Plan
- CMS Communication Strategy (under development)
B - The delivery framework
- CMS COP Resolution 11.25 (2014) on Advancing ecological networks to address the needs of migratory species
- Resolution 10.19 Migratory Species Conservation in the Light of Climate Change
- Memorandum of Understanding concerning the conservation of the Manatee and small cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia - Action Plan for the conservation of small cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia
- Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of Dugongs (Dugon dugong) and their Habitats throughout their Range
- Conservation and Management Plan of the Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of Marine Turtles and their Habitats of the Indian Ocean and South-East Asia
- Conservation and Management Plan for Marine Turtles of the Atlantic coast of Africa
- Resolution 11.14 Programme of Work on Migratory Birds and Flyways
- Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia
C - Key partnerships and other supporting delivery frameworks
Section to be completed soon
D - Capacity development
- CMS Capacity-building Strategy 2015-2017
- Central Asian Flyways Action Plan for the conservation of migratory water birds and their habitats
- Programme of Work of the Central Asian Mammals Initiative
- MoU for the Conservation of cetaceans and their habitats in the Pacific Island Region: Whale and Dolphin Action Plan 2013-2017
- South Andean Huemul MoU Action Plan
E - Resourcing for biodiversity (including human, technical and financial resources)
F - Monitoring and evaluation, including indicators, milestones and feedback to the sub-targets, as well as headline measures of success by which overall success of the SPMS may be judged
G - Reporting on and review of progress at national level and by governing bodies such as the CMS COP
- 2. Questions on CMS Agreements